Device DDR Management

1. Introduction

DDR space on Kneron AI device are used for placing the model, working buffers for calculation, and the buffers for usb transmitting.

Kneron PLUS provides the flexibility to allow users customizing the configuration of few kinds of DDR buffers:

  1. The size of buffer for the model

  2. The quantity and size for buffers for receiving input data in usb transmitting

  3. The quantity and size for buffers for sending output data in usb transmitting

2. Configuration

Note: DDR space of Kneron AI device can be configured only once before rebooting. The second configuration will be ignored.

2.1 Auto Configuration

In general, the quantity and the size of these buffers will be auto configured to the suitable value in kp.core.load_model(), kp.core.load_encrypted_models() and kp.core.load_model_from_flash().

The value will be auto set to:

Buffer Category Auto Min Auto Max Note
Model Size (Byte) The size that loaded models required
Receiving Input Quantity 2 3
Receiving Input Size (Byte) (1920 * 1080 * 2) + 1024 (3840 * 2160 * 2) + 1024 See Note 1 ~ 3
Sending Result Quantity 1 3
Sending Result Size (Byte) The size of the largest output raw data of loaded models

Note 1: (1920 * 1080 * 2) Bytes is the size for 2 channels of 1920 x 1080 image (RGB565)

Note 2: (3840 * 2160 * 2) Bytes is the size for 2 channels of 3840 x 2160 image (RGB565)

Note 3: 1024 Bytes is reserved for header size

Note 4: After kp.core.load_model(), kp.core.load_encrypted_models() or kp.core.load_model_from_flash(), the DDR configuration will be loaded to kp.DdrManageAttributes in kp.DeviceGroup.

2.2 Customized Configuration

kp.DdrManageAttributes and kp.core.store_ddr_management_attributes() can be used for customizing the quantity or the size of these buffers.

class DdrManageAttributes(ValueBase, ValueRepresentBase):
    DDR memory management descriptor of Kneron device.

    model_size : int, default=0
        DDR space for model.
    input_buffer_size : int, default=0
        Input buffer size for FIFO queue.
    input_buffer_count : int, default=0
        Input buffer count for FIFO queue.
    result_buffer_size : kp.ModelNefDescriptor, default=kp.ModelNefDescriptor()
        Result buffer size for FIFO queue.
    result_buffer_count : int, default=0
        Result buffer count for FIFO queue.
  1. Each entry in kp.DdrManageAttributes can be customized configured, or auto configured if the value is set to 0.

  2. kp.DdrManageAttributes must be prepared and stored into kp.DeviceGroup using kp.core.store_ddr_management_attributes() before calling kp.core.load_model(), kp.core.load_encrypted_models() or kp.core.load_model_from_flash().

  3. System has reserved 15 MB from DDR space for other working buffers.

  4. If (System Reserved + Model Size + (Input Buffer Count x Input Buffer Size) + (Result Buffer Count x Result Buffer Size)) is larger than the available DDR space, the configuration will fail.

Please refer 9. Device Memory Usage Control Example for the demonstration.